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Religion in the Philippines [2017-4-26]

The Philippines proudly boasts to be the only Christian nation in Asia. More than 86 percent of the population is Roman Catholic, 6 percent belong to various nationalized Christian cults, and another 2 percent belong to well over 100 Protestant denominations. In addition to the Christian majority, there is a vigorous 4 percent Muslim minority, concentrated on the southern islands of Mindanao, Sulu, and Palawan. Scattered in isolated mountainous regions, the remaining 2 percent follow non-Western, indigenous beliefs and practices. The Chinese minority, although statistically insignificant, has been culturally influential in coloring Filipino Catholicism with many of the beliefs and practices of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism.

    At 11:22:50 | Comments[0] | 422 Views | From [Internet] | Read More | UP

Greek religion [2014-2-15]

 The gods on Olympus: Athena, Zeus, Dionysus, Hera, and Aphrodite. Detail of a painting on a Greek …
[Credit: Alinari/Art Resource, New York]religious beliefs and practices of the ancient Hellenes. Greek religion is not the same as Greek mythology, which is concerned with traditional tales, though the two are closely interlinked. Curiously, for a people so religiously minded, the Greeks had no word for religion itself; the nearest terms were eusebeia (“piety”) and threskeia (“cult”).

Although its origins may be traced to the remotest eras, Greek religion in its developed form lasted more than a thousand years, from the time of Homer (probably 9th or 8th century bc) to the reign of the emperor Julian (4th century ad). During that period its influence spread as far west as Spain, east to the Indus River, and throughout the Mediterranean world. Its effect was most marked on the Romans, who identified their deities with those of the Greeks. Under Christianity, Greek heroes and even deities survived as saints, while the rival madonnas of southern European communities reflected the independence of local cults. The rediscovery of Greek literature during the Renaissance and, above all, the novel perfection of Classical sculpture produced a revolution in taste that had far-reaching effects on Christian religious art. The most striking characteristic of Greek religion was the belief in a multiplicity of anthropomorphic deities under one supreme god. Priests simply looked after cults; they did not constitute a clergy, and there were no sacred books.

Greek religion and mythology pervaded Classical life and survive in compelling stories.The sole requirements for the Greeks were to believe that the gods existed and to perform ritual and sacrifice, through which the gods received their due. To deny the existence of a deity was to risk reprisals, from the deity or from other mortals. The list of avowed atheists is brief. But if a Greek went through the motions of piety, he risked little, since no attempt was made to enforce orthodoxy, a religious concept almost incomprehensible to the Greeks. The large corpus of myths concerned with gods, heroes, and rituals embodied the worldview of Greek religion and remains its legacy. (See Greek mythology.) It should be noted that the myths varied over time and that, within limits, a writer—e.g., a Greek tragedian—could alter a myth by changing not only the role played by the gods in it but also the evaluation of the gods’ actions.

From the later 6th century bc onward, myths and gods were subject to rational criticism on ethical or other grounds. In these circumstances it is easy to overlook the fact that most Greeks “believed” in their gods in roughly the modern sense of the term and that they prayed in a time of crisis not merely to the “relevant” deity but to any deity on whose aid they had established a claim by sacrifice. To this end, each Greek polis had a series of public festivals throughout the year that were intended to ensure the aid of all the gods who were thus honoured. They reminded the gods of services rendered and asked for a quid pro quo. Particularly during times of crises, the Greeks, like the Romans, were often willing to petition deities borrowed from other cultures.

History

The roots of Greek religion

Zeus hurling a thunderbolt, bronze statuette from Dodona, Greece, early 5th century bc; in the …
[Credit: Antikenabteilung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin—Preussischer Kulturbesitz]The study of a religion’s history includes the study of the history of those who espoused it, together with their spiritual, ethical, political, and intellectual experiences. Greek religion as it is currently understood probably resulted from the mingling of religious beliefs and practices between the incoming Greek-speaking peoples who arrived from the north during the 2nd millennium bc and the indigenous inhabitants whom they called Pelasgi. The incomers’ pantheon was headed by the Indo-European sky god variously known as Zeus (Greek), Dyaus (Indian), or Jupiter (Roman). But there was also a Cretan sky god, whose birth and death were celebrated in rituals and myths quite different from those of the incomers. The incomers applied the name of Zeus to his Cretan counterpart. In addition, there was a tendency, fostered but not necessarily originated by Homer and Hesiod, for major Greek deities to be given a home on Mount Olympus. Once established there in a conspicuous position, the Olympians came to be identified with local deities and to be assigned as consorts to the local god or goddess.

Head of Hera, sculpture from the votive group in the Heraeum at Olympia; in the Archaeological …
[Credit: Foto Marburg]An unintended consequence (since the Greeks were monogamous) was that Zeus in particular became markedly polygamous. (Zeus already had a consort when he arrived in the Greek world and took Hera, herself a major goddess in Argos, as another.) Hesiod used—or sometimes invented—the family links among the deities, traced out over several generations, to explain the origin and present condition of the universe. At some date, Zeus and other deities were identified locally with heroes and heroines from the Homeric poems and called by such names as Zeus Agamemnon. The Pelasgian and the Greek strands of the religion of the Greeks can sometimes be disentangled, but the view held by some scholars that any belief related to fertility must be Pelasgian, on the grounds that the Pelasgi were agriculturalists while the Greeks were nomadic pastoralists and warriors, seems somewhat simplistic. Pastoralists and warriors certainly require fertility in their herds—not to mention in their own number.


    At 23:19:57 | Comments[0] | 4389 Views | From [Internet] | Read More | UP

英语话春节:年味十足的传统习俗 [2014-1-28]

2014 Spring Festival falls on January 31. The holiday in China starts from January 31 to February 6, 2014. It is the Year of the Horse according to Chinese zodiac.
2014年农历春节是1月31号。这次春节假期从1月31日延续到2月6日。根据中国生肖算法,2014年是马年。

Chinese Spring Festival, also called Lunar New Year, has more than 4,000 years of history. Being one of the traditional Chinese festivals, it is the grandest and the most important festival for Chinese people. It is also the time for the whole families to get together, which is similar with Christmas Day to the westerners. Originating during the Shang Dynasty (about 17th - 11th century BC), Spring Festival, which celebrates family reunion, is full of rich and colorful activities, and hopes with the advent of spring and flowers blossoming. People from different regions and different ethnic groups celebrate it in their unique ways.
中国的春节,也被称为农历新年,迄今已有四千多年的历史。对于中国人来说,这是规模最大,最重要的传统节日。就如同西方的圣诞节一样,春节是一家团聚的日子。春节起源于商朝(公元前11-17世纪),为了庆祝全家团圆和表达对春暖花开的期盼,节日期间会准备丰富多彩的活动。不同地区和不同少数民族人们会用自己独特的方式庆祝这一传统节日。

Festival Time
节日时长

It comes on the first day of Chinese lunar calendar and lasts for almost half of a month. But in folk custom, this traditional holiday lasts from the 23rd day of the twelfth month to the 15th day of the first month (Lantern Festival) in the lunar calendar. Among these days, the New Year’s Eve and the first day of the New Year is the peak time. The exact days are different in every year according to the lunar calendar.
春节从农历新年第一天开始,几乎要持续一整个月。但在民间传统中,这一节日从腊月23日就开始了,直到正月十五(元宵节)。在这些天里,除夕和春节第一天是最热闹的时候。根据农历,每年除夕和春节所在的公历日期都有所不同。

History
春节由来


    At 19:47:54 | Comments[0] | 5975 Views | From [Internet] | Read More | UP

Confucius [2013-11-28]

The Confucius Cultural Week at UNESCO is a unique opportunity in France to understand Confucian culture.

  One of the greatest figures in Chinese history, Confucius (551-479 BC), was a philosopher and thinker, political leader and educator. The Confucian School he created influenced Chinese and even East Asian civilization for 2000 years. Belief in the ability of the ordinary man to change his own destiny characterizes this heritage that is deeply rooted in the spirit of the Chinese people, forging its national character. His Analects and theories, made popular by his disciples, form a doctrine of moral improvement. Even today, Confucian philosophy penetrates all aspects of daily life in China.

  From 6 to 10 September, an exhibition on the life and work of Confucius will be held. This multidisciplinary exhibition, initiated by the Shandong Museum, is divided into four parts: the life of Confucius, Confucius’ influence, Confucian thought throughout the ages, and Shandong, native land of Confucius.

  Chinese Vice Minister of Culture Zhao Shaohua addresses the opening of the five-day-long "Confucius Cultural Week" at the headquarters of the UNESCO in Paris, capital of France, Sept. 6, 2010.

  On September 7, a music and dance show, inspired by Confucius and his era will be performed by the Orchestra and the dance troupe of from Shandong, Confucius' native land.

 

 

Brief introduction of Confucius

 

Confucius  was a Chinese thinker and social philosopher, whose teachings and philosophy have deeply influenced Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Vietnamese thought and life.

His philosophy emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. These values gained prominence in China over other doctrines, such as Legalism (法家) or Taoism (道家) during the Han Dynasty[4][5][6] (206 BCE – 220 CE). Confucius' thoughts have been developed into a system of philosophy known as Confucianism (儒家). It was introduced to Europe by the Italian Jesuit Matteo Ricci, who was the first to Latinise the name as "Confucius."


    At 22:33:49 | Comments[0] | 10082 Views | From [Internet] | Read More | UP

Take Me Home, Country Road [2010-11-20]

侧耳倾听

歌曲情况
  《Take Me Home, Country Roads(中文译名<乡村路带我回家>)》是由约翰·丹佛(John Denver)创作并演唱的著名乡村歌曲。   约翰·丹佛(John Denver)演唱的歌曲大部分都是自己创作的,大部分歌曲都是乡村歌曲与摇滚相结合的典范。《Take Me Home, Country Roads》一般人都会认为是一首思乡的歌,但歌曲主题其实是一首环保公益歌曲。于1971年创作,并使他一跃成为著名的乡村歌星。   丹佛是在中国最有名的美国乡村歌手,他甚至超过了在美国比他名气大的多的乡村明星,就是因为这首脍炙人口的《Take Me Home, Country Roads》,歌曲旋律轻快,给人描绘了一幅美丽的美国西部风光以及潇洒的牛仔骑马漫步的图景。
 歌词及中文翻译


    At 23:25:39 | Comments[0] | 3460 Views | From [Internet] | Read More | UP

日本名胜 [2010-6-8]

姫路城の撮影場所なんですが、たまたま入場口が西側にあるために西側に集中してます。北東側から撮影したのもあるのですが、やはりこの角度が一番だと思いました。ここにはアップしてませんが、シダレ桜越しに見える場所もあります。それから、書写山は今まで一度しか行ったことがありません。なので詳しいことは分かりません。

 Hitoshさん
そうですね。阿修羅像をはじめ、数多くの国宝がズラ~っと見学できるので、ファンにはたまらないところです。もちろん、京都の東寺もそうですけどね。

 写真は、薬師寺です。真夏に撮った画像です。  


    At 11:01:39 | Comments[0] | 2392 Views | From [Internet] | Read More | UP

英语文学资源网站 [2010-6-8]

http://www.pacificnet.net/~johnr/aesop 
  Aesop Fables[ENG] - 伊索寓言的联机版本。 
   
  http://www.literature.org/Works 
  Classics at the Online Literature Library[ENG] - 有许多著名作家的著名作品可以在线阅读。 
   

    At 10:54:34 | Comments[0] | 3280 Views | From [Internet] | Read More | UP

日语单词学习:平时比较难翻译出的短语 [2010-6-5]



【网络综合 - 日语等级考试指南】:
  挖耳屎      耳かきする・耳掃除する
  抄近路      近道をする・近道を行く
  闯红灯      信号無視する


    At 17:29:01 | Comments[0] | 3029 Views | From [Internet] | Read More | UP

日文经典故事简介 [2010-2-1]

紹介
 

落窪物語 

平安朝の物語の中で、飛鳥が一番好きなのは、この『落窪物語』です。

    At 0:52:19 | Comments[0] | 2463 Views | From [Internet] | Read More | UP

日语经典语句 [2010-2-1]

おはようございます 早上好
こんにちは 你好(白天问候语)
こんばんは 晚上好
お休(やす)みなさい 晚安
ありがとう 谢谢
すみません 对不起


    At 0:40:22 | Comments[0] | 2803 Views | From [Internet] | Read More | UP

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