风清扬斈 17年前 (2005-08-14) 网络资料 5464 0
OKhere.net 你来我网-考研社区 作者：吴中东 2005-4-11 17:20:38 新航道学校
Small as it is, the pen has changed the course of history, shaped the destiny of nations, facilitated the commerce of peoples, imprisoned the elusive thoughts of man, recorded events, carried news, and done more work for mankind than all other tools or weapons.
Progress without it would have been almost impossible. The invention of the wheel and screw, the introduction of steam-power, the use of electricity, all these have changed the lives of millions; but the pen has done more. It has removed mountains. It has prepared the way for all advancement. Whatever plans have been drawn up, whatever laws formulated, have come from the pen.
Today the pen is more highly esteemed than ever. The typewriters clicking in every continent are the drudges, the pen is the aristocrat, governing all and giving the final flourish.
spe_, spi_, spect_
prose – rose
fountain – mountain
moat – boat
dope – hope
head and shoulder s
on pain of death
illusion / delusion
assent / ascent
complement / compliment
confident / confidential
despaired / desperate
discreet / discrete
evoke / invoke
excessive / exceeding / excess
fatal / fateful
former / formal
humanity / humanities
1. The Greeks assumed that the structure of language had some connection with the process of thought, which took root in Europe long before people realized how diverse languages could be.
2. We are obliged to them because some of these languages have since vanished, as the peoples who spoke them died out or became assimilated and lost their native languages.
3. The newly described languages were often so strikingly different from the well studied languages of Europe and Southeast Asia that some scholars even accused Boas and Sapir of fabricating their data.
4. Being interested in the relationship of language and thought, Whorf developed the idea that the structure of language determines the structure of habitual thought in a society.
5. Whorf came to believe in a sort of linguistic determinism which, in its strongest form, states that language imprisons the mind, and that the grammatical patterns in a language can produce far-reaching consequences for the culture of a society.
6. Television is one of the means by which these feelings are created and conveyed─and perhaps never before has it served to much to connect different peoples and nations as in the recent events in Europe.
7. In Europe, as elsewhere, multi-media groups have been increasingly successful groups which bring together television, radio newspapers, magazines and publishing houses that work in relation to one another.
8. This alone demonstrates that the television business is not an easy world to survive in, a fact underlined by statistics that show that out of eighty European television networks, no less than 50% took a loss in 1989.
9. Creating a “European identity” that respects the different cultures and traditions which go to make up the connecting fabric of the Old continent is no easy task and demands a strategic choice.
10. In dealing with a challenge on such a scale, it is no exaggeration to say “Unity we stand, divided we fall”.
Dear Mr. Wang,
Thank you very much for the opportunity and trust you gave me two months ago. But unfortunately and regrettably, I am now writing to tell you that I will quit the job. I know this might bring about some trouble to you, but I would like to let you know the reason.
The job as editor of Designs and Fashions fails to provide me with so much chance of applying what I have learnt and does not carry such responsibility as I had expected. Also, two months has already passed, and I have not got the pay you promised me. Therefore, I have decided to quit and I hope you can understand.
I apologize to you once again if my decision poses any inconvenience to you.
The picture above depicts a prevailing and discouraging phenomenon —— some old people are shunned and kicked around by their sons and daughters. We can see it clearly by looking at the picture: the helpless father’s sons and daughter are all guarding their home “gates” lest their old father “roll into” their households.
Caustic, comic and simple as the pictures are, the idea signaled and implied by the cartoonist is clear and unmistakable: it is not morally and legally accepted to mistreat the elderly. This wicked practice should be discouraged and eradicated on every ground. First things first, it can be destructive to our society, which always emphasizes the importance of the tradition of respecting the old and looking after the young. Second, the elderly are our treasures not our problem, because they possess the greatest quantity of experiences and wisdom, which can be the most valuable to the development of society. Last but not least, the elderly have given all they have had to the development of the country, and a lot of them are still aging productively. Treating them well is probably the only way we repay them for what they have done for us. Sons and daughters should think of this. It is your father, who not only gave you life but also has supported you throughout your infancy, adolescence and even adulthood. Not only that, parents gave you the love and education you have needed when growing up.
To sum up, we sons and daughters should treat our parents well, for the sake of a fine tradition , the wholesome development of our society and ourselves, for everyone turns old one day.
Many theories concerning the causes of juvenile delinquency (crimes committed by young people) focus either on the individual or on society as the major contributing influence. Theories ____1 on the individual suggest that children engage in criminal behavior ___2 they were not sufficiently penalized for previous misdeeds or that they have learned criminal behavior through ___3 with others. Theories focusing on the role of society that children commit crimes in ____4 to their failure to rise above their socioeconomic status, ____5 as a rejection of middle-class values.
Most theories of juvenile delinquency have focused on children from disadvantaged families, ____6 the fact that children from wealthy homes also commit crimes. The latter may commit crimes ____7 lack of adequate parental control. All theories, however, are tentative and are ___8 to criticism.
Changes in the social structure may indirectly ___9 juvenile crime rates. For example, changes in the economy that____10 to fewer job opportunities for youth and rising unemployment __11 make gainful employment increasingly difficult to obtain. The resulting discontent may in___12 lead more youths into criminal behavior.
Families have also _____13 changes these years. More families consist of one-parent households or two working parents; ____14 , children are likely to have less supervision at home ___15 was common in the traditional family _____16 . This lack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates. Other ____17 causes of offensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increased ____18 of drugs and alcohol, and the growing ____19 of child abuse and child neglect. All these conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing a criminal act , ____20 a direct causal relationship has not yet been established.
1.[A] acting [B] relying [C] centering [D] cementing
2.[A] before [B] unless [C] until [D] because
3.[A] interactions [B] assimilation [C] cooperation [D] consultation
4.[A] return [B] reply [C] reference [D] response
5.[A] or [B] but rather [C] but [D] or else
6.[A] considering [B] ignoring [C] highlighting [D] discarding
7.[A] on [B] in [C] for [D] with
8.[A] immune [B] resistant [C] sensitive [D] subject
9.[A] affect [B] reduce [C] check [D] reflect
10.[A] point [B] lead [C] come [D] amount
11.[A] in general [B] on average [C] by contrast [D] at length
12.[A] case [B] short [C] turn [D] essence
13.[A] survived [B] noticed [C] undertaken [D] experienced
14.[A] contrarily [B] consequently [C] similarly [D] simultaneously
15.[A] than [B] that [C] which [D] as
16.[A] system [B] structure [C] concept [D] heritage
17.[A] assessable [B] identifiable [C] negligible [D] incredible
18.[A] expense [B] restriction [C] allocation [D] availability
19.[A] incidence [B] awareness [C] exposure [D] popularity
20.[A] provided [B] since [C] although [D] supposing